What is the Operational Level of War?

Three Levels of War - Strategic, Operational, Tactical

I’m interested in operational level wargames for World War II. But my definition of “operational level” has been pretty vague. Something about campaigns and major offensives. So I thought I’d explore operational level war in more detail … and it turns out I was right. It is all about campaigns and major offensives.

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WW2 Painting Guide: Kiwi and British in the Mediterranean

A group of New Zealand soldiers on the Cassino battlefront in Italy, during World War II. Probably reconstruction for photographers behind the line. 5 April 1944

This WW2 Painting Guide shows how to paint the 2 New Zealand Division, and other Commonwealth/British, who fought in the Mediterranean. It solely uses Vallejo Model Colour range of paints.

I have used four sources: Battle Front, SHQ, Artizan Designs, and Crac des Chevaliers.

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The Battle of Long Tan – An Incoming Scenario by Matt Spooner

Map Battle of Long Tan

The Battle of Long Tan is one of the most famous battles of the Vietnam War, fought by Australian infantry against overwhelming odds. This is a Incoming! scenario by Matt Spooner and published on the new deceased Grunt! website, probably around 2000. Because Grunt! has disappeared I thought I’d republish the scenario here for the benefit of the Crossfire community. All words are Matt’s.

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Wargaming the Battle for Puketutu Pa

Attempting to wargame the Battle for Puketutu Pa brings you face to face with the Challenges of Wargaming the New Zealand Wars. A small group of entrenched Maori bloodily repulses a large number of European attackers. How to make that possible? How to make that a good game?

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Long Range Desert Group of WW2

Major R. A. Bagnold, Royal Corps of Signals instigated the Long Range Desert Group (LRDG) on 10 Jul 1940. It’s main purpose was long range reconnaissance in the Libyan desert. The men quickly gained a reputation as the best navigators in the desert during WW2. The LRDG operated from Sep 1940 until Mar 1943. Technically it was part of the British Army but initially at least the LRDG was staffed by Kiwis of the 2 New Zealand Division.

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2 New Zealand (NZ) Division in Megablitz

A Megablitz order of battle based on the Historical Order of Battle of 2 NZ Division for Italy 1943.

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15mm Wargaming Figures for the New Zealand Wars

If you are just getting into the New Zealand Wars I recommend you choose one of the following three periods as the European figures required for each are different:

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Steven’s New Zealand Wars Armies

Snaps of my New Zealand Wars collection. Everything was painted by Nigel Fun-nell.

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Wargaming Rules for the New Zealand Wars

I have several set of rules for the New Zealand Wars. I’m not convinced by any of them so far, but I’ve put most thought into my own DBA variant and associated scenarios, and I favour my Crossfire variant.

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Sources for New Zealand’s Involvement in WW2

An annotated bibliography for Kiwi involvement in WW2. The primary source for this subject is the The Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939–1945 (NZETC, 2005). It is very comprehensive extending to 50 volumes when I last counted – although many are general NZ history rather than WW2. It is available on-line, and if you search around you can find hard copies.

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2 New Zealand (NZ) Division

Most Kiwis fighting during World War II fought as part of 2 New Zealand Division. For the moment I’ve just written aspects of their time in Italy 1943-45.

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Timeline of New Zealand’s Involvement in WW2

So far I’ve just roughed out a skeleton on which to hang the detail of the Kiwi involvement in WW2.

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Kiwi Vehicle Camouflage during WW2

During WW2 the 2 New Zealand Division adopted British camouflage patterns on their vehicles. This is one of my WW2 Painting Guides.

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2 NZ Division Timeline – Sango River to Orsogna

This WW2 timeline picks up 2 New Zealand Division as they enter the line in Italy and goes through to the fighting around Orsogna.

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WW2 Painting Guide: Kiwi and British in the Mediterranean 2006

During WW2 the 2 New Zealand Division adopted British uniforms. So this painting guide covers both Kiwi and British, but only in the Mediterranean. This is one of my WW2 Painting Guides.

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