Category: Moscow 1941

Moscow was one of the primary objectives for Axis forces during Eastern Front Campaign. Operation Typhoon kicked off the Battle of Moscow fought between October 1941 and January 1942. Fighting spanned a 600 km (370 mi) sector of the front as German pincers tried to encircle Soviet armies and Moscow itself. The Germans achieved impressive results quickly but Soviet forces continued to stubbornly defended the three defensive belts in front of the city. Fresh armies to arrive, both newly raised militia and formed from troop redeployed from the far east, helped the defenders halt the German offensive. Then the Soviets counter-attacked and drove the Germans back to the positions around the cities of Oryol, Vyazma and Vitebsk.


Sources for the Battle for Moscow 1941

An annotated bibliography for Moscow 1941.

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Order of Battle for the Battle for Moscow 1941

On 16 Sep 1941 von Bock issued his operational directive for the capture of Moscow – codenamed ‘Typhoon’ (Braithwaite, 2006). Third Panzer Group (Hoth) would attack from the north, Fourth Panzer Group would attack in the centre, and Second Panzer Group (Guderian) from the south. The operation kicked off on 30 Sep.

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Geography Around Moscow 1941

Moscow is surrounded by a gently undulating sandy plain (Braithwaite, 2006). Largely thick silver birch and black pine cover the area although some was cleared for agriculture. The Moscow River and tributaries wound through the plain. Most buildings in Moscow were made of wood. Even the grand 18th and 19th century buildings were stucco on a wooden frame.

Timeline of the Battle for Moscow 1941

My timeline of the Battle for Moscow 1941.

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Braithwaite – Moscow 1941

Braithwaite’s (2006) “Moscow 1941: A city and its people at war” has a lot of information on Moscow during 1941 – World War II obviously – but relatively little of a direct military nature. I’ve extracted a few snippets.

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Spaniards in Soviet Service During WW2

Many Spanish Republicans found refuge from the Spanish Civil War in the USSR. The Soviets happily drafted these men when the Germans invaded in 1941. For example Rubén Ruiz Ibarruri, the son of La Pasinaria, commanded a machine gun company of 35th Guards Rifle Division (Beevor, 1999). He was killed south of Kotluban; I think this was in Sep 1942.

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