On 16 Mar 1818, at the Surprise of Cancha Rayada (Second Battle of Cancha Rayada), a Royalist sortie inflicted a massive defeat on Patriots under San Martin.
To celebrate the completion of my Liberators armies Andrew Coleby and I played the Alternative Chacabuco scenario from Fletcher (2006) using the Liberators QPR. Andrew was the Patriots / Argentineans. I was the Royalists / Spanish. Our biggest problem is that we only get to play in two hours sessions and this game was split over two sessions.
The Liberators supplement (Fletcher, 2006, p. 10-11) has an Alternative Chacabuco scenario. It poses the question what-if, after crossing the Andes from Argentina, the patriot army advances more cautiously giving the royalists time to bring up reinforcements from Santiago.
I’m nearing completion of my 1817-18 Chile Project and wondered how I can reuse those figures for another campaign. The third campaign in Upper Peru (Jan-Nov 1815), featuring the Battle of Viluma / Sipe Sipe, looks a good candidate and these are my notes on how to how to create the new armies based on the old. I have put together a Order of Battle for iluma / Sipe Sipe as the basis for my thinking.
At the time of the 1810-1816 Argentinean War of Independence Argentina was the main component of the Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata. This viceroyalty also included Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia (Upper or Alto Peru), portions of Brazil and southern Chile. In fact most of the military action occurred in Upper Peru. The main campaigns of the war were:
The supplement to Liberators (Fletcher, 2006) includes a set of Quick Play Rules (QPR). The rules have a “disorder” status and use a casualty figure to indicate this. They use figure/base removal to indicate casualties. I’ve changed this a bit. Instead of figure/base removal I use a casualty marker with numbered sides (1 to 4) to indicate the casualties. Separately I use a small skull to represent disorder.
The best place for orders of battle are the books by John Fletcher. I’ve just collected a few extra bits n bobs.
Argentine forces liberated their own country but were also instrumental in liberating Chile and Peru. Confusingly their units formed and disbanded quite a lot. Most confusingly different units carried the same number simultaneously. I’ve tried to find some order in this confusion.
I’m wondering how to adapt my 1817-18 armies to earlier periods, specifically the Battle of Sipe Sipe / Viluma (28-29 Nov 1815). I’ve used Fletcher (2005) as a base and embellished with details from Pedrazzolli (2009, 2011).
These are just rough notes about how to pant specific units. Refer elsewhere for more complete guidance, including:
Terry Hooker, author of a book on San Martin and Bolivar, has been publishing his illustrations on Face Book. Each has a comprehensive description and I thought I’d put the descriptions here so I can find the illustrations easier.
Francisco of Argentina and Texas has done some thinking about Lasalle for South American War of Independence. He calls the variant Necoechea after a renowned Argentine cavalry commander of the war. One of the first things Francisco tried was a variant of Chacabuco. I have fairly cheekily reproduced it here with minor edits to increase clarity. Note: this is not the same Alternative Chacabuco that John Fletcher published.