The DBM Medieval Spanish list stops before the final war with Granada, so I wondered what the invasion army might have looked like.
A Muslim army from Morocco defeated the Visigothic King of Spain in 711 AD and over the next few years imposed Islamic rule over much of the Iberian Peninsular. But a rump Christian state remained and over many centuries managed to reconquer Spain and Portugal.
Andalusian Order of Battle
Andalusian armies were composed of a number of elements. The proportion of these elements changed depending on the political situation, and particular armies would concentrate on some and not others.
Almohad Order of Battle
Included black slaves, Murabitun deserters, and elite Ghuzz Turkish archers (Nicolle, 1988). Almohads made even more use of war drums than the Murabitun. Almohad infantry formed similarly to the Murabitun: a front rank with long spears, a second with javelins and spears and a third of slingers.
Christian Rulers of the Reconquista
Rulers of Christian Spain and Portugal during the Reconquista.
Al-Murabitun Order of Battle
The Al-Murabit leaders were all from the Banu Turgut of the Lamtuna tribe of the Sanhaja Berbers (Kennedy, 1996). Originally the men were from the Lamtuna tribe, these and the Guddala and Massufa (also Sanhaja) remained the mainstay of the armies throughout the period. Other groups were assimilated including the other Sanhaja tribes (Gazzula, Lamta, Banu Warith), Masmuda tribesmen of the Atlas and Zanata of northern Morocco.
Wars of Spain and Portugal
My specialty is ‘Luso-Spanish’ Military History, that is, the wars of Spain and Portugal or, put another way, Iberian Wars. This specialty has pros and cons. The pros are that it covers a lot of history and I have an excuse to buy armies from some fascinating conflicts. The cons are exactly the same as the pros.