Painting Guide for Colonial Ceylon

A few notes on painting a Portuguese colonial army in Ceylon.

Gaspar Figueira de Serpe, as Captain-Major of the Four and Seven Korales, carried a white faced shield as the symbol of his office. Well, actually, he had a shield bearer who carried it.

The King of Kandy’s banner was a crowned lion.


Jones, R. (2003). The Leopard’s Eating Place: The Battle of Kotikapola, 12 April 1655. Arquebusier: The Journal of the Pike and Shot Society, Vol. XXVI/III, 26-36.

Wickremesekera, C. (2004). Kandy At War: Indigenous Military Resistance to European Expansion in Sri Lanka 1594-1818. New Delhi: Manohar.

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