States of the Holy Roman Empire

As I was working on the Timeline for the Thirty Years War I was musing on the major features for a campaign. The Holy Roman Empire comprised a vast multitude of more or less minor states. Representing them all in a campaign is probably unnecessary. I’m thinking about a Mapless Campaign so about 100 territories is about right. The question is, which 100. My initial thoughts are to represent only the most significant; this might be because the state/area was:

  • Politically significant, e.g. Duchy of Bavaria
  • Strategically significant, e.g. Provostry of Berchtesgadan
  • Militarily significant, i.e. there was a battle there.
  • Economically significant, , e.g. Salt deposits in Provostry of Berchtesgadan.

Key candidates are Duchies, Archbishoprics, Imperial Cities.

Imperial Circles

Wikipedia: Imperial Circle is a good starting point for which states within the Holy Roman Empire were significant.

Bavarian Circle

Name Type of entity Comments
Bavaria Duchy Politically significant. In 1623 the Bavarian duke replaced his relative, the Count Palatine of the Rhine in the early days of the Thirty Years’ War and acquired the powerful prince-electoral dignity in the Holy Roman Empire, determining its Emperor thence forward, as well as special legal status under the empire’s laws. Also the Upper Palatinate was reunited with Bavaria.
Upper Palatinate Politically significant
Berchtesgaden Provostry The site of the monastery was an extremely strategic one. Firstly, it is in an area possessing immensely valuable salt deposits, and was situated in such a way that it was able to act as a buffer state between its much larger neighbours, Bavaria and Salzburg, and to make this situation work to its advantage. Secondly, the Berchtesgaden valley is almost entirely enclosed by high mountains, except for a single point of access to the north, and is thus virtually impregnable.
Breiteneck Lordship
Ehrenfels Lordship
Freising Bishopric
Haag County
Hohenwaldeck Lordship
Leuchtenberg Landgraviate
Niedermünster in Regensburg Abbacy
Obermünster in Regensburg Abbacy
Ortenburg County
Palatinate-Neuburg Duchy
Palatinate-Sulzbach Duchy
Passau Bishopric
Regensburg Bishopric
Regensburg Imperial City Politically significant. located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube. To the east lies the Bavarian Forest.
Salzburg Archbishopric Politically significant. Mines
St Emmeram in Regensburg Abbacy
Sternstein County
Sulzbürg and Pyrbaum Lordship ?

Swabian Circle

Name Type of entity Comments
Aalen Imperial City situated on the upper reaches of the river Kocher, at the foot of the Swabian Alb to the south and south east and close to the hilly landscape of the Ellwanger Berge to the north
Augsburg Bishopric Politically significant
Augsburg Imperial City located at the confluence of the Wertach and Lech rivers and on the trade routes to Italy. April 1632, when the Swedish army of Gustavus Adolphus took the city without resistance. Just over two years later, the Swedish army was routed at nearby Nördlingen, and by October 1634 Catholic troops had surrounded Augsburg. The Swedish garrison refused to surrender and a disastrous siege ensued through the winter of 1634–5, during which thousands died of hunger and disease.
Aulendorf Lordship
Baar Landgraviate
Baden Margraviate
Baden-Baden Margraviate Politically significant
Baden-Durlach Margraviate Politically significant
Baden-Hochberg Margraviate
Baindt Abbacy
Biberach an der Riß Imperial City
Bonndorf County situated in the southern Black Forest
Bopfingen Imperial City
Buchau Abbacy
Buchau Imperial City
Buchhorn Imperial City
Constance Bishopric
Dinkelsbühl Imperial City surrender to Swedish Troops during the Thirty Years’ War
Eberstein County
Eglingen Lordship
Eglofs Lordship
Elchingen Abbacy
Ellwangen Provostry
Esslingen am Neckar Imperial City located on the river Neckar
Gengenbach Abbacy
Gengenbach Imperial City on the western edge of the Black Forest
Giengen an der Brenz Imperial City at the southern foot of the Swabian Alb. was almost completely burned down in 1634 during the Thirty Years’ War.
Gundelfingen Lordship
Gutenzell Abbacy
Hachberg Margraviate
Hausen Lordship
Heggbach Abbacy
Heilbronn Imperial City major economic centre on the Neckar. During the Thirty Years’ War the city and sourrounding villages suffered badly. After the battle of Wimpfen in 1622, Neckargartach was burnt to the ground. In 1631 Heilbronn was occupied by imperial troops but the same year the Swedes succeeded in conquering the city. From 1644 through 1647, Heilbronn was again part of the Holy Roman Empire, but then French troops moved in and later those of the Palatinate. The city wasn’t free of occupying forces until four years after the Peace of Westphalia of 1648.
Heiligenberg County
Hohenems County
Hohengeroldsegg County
Hohenhöwen Lordship
Hohenzollern-Hechingen County
Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen County
Irsee Abbacy
Isny im Allgäu Imperial City commercial center
Justingen County
Kaufbeuren Imperial City
Kempten Abbacy
Kempten im Allgu Imperial City Actually two cities side by side. During the turmoil of the Thirty Years’ War (163233), imperial forces destroyed the Protestant Imperial city and the Swedish troops destroyed the twinned Catholic Free City. The Catholic Free City was associated with a Monastery which might be Kempten Abbey.
Kinzigtal Lordship
Klettgau Landgraviate
Königsegg County
Leutkirch im Allgäu Imperial City
Liechtenstein Principality
Lindau Abbacy
Lindau Imperial City
Mainau Commandery An administrative grouping of lands held by the Teutonic Order
Marchtal Abbacy
Memmingen Imperial City In the 1630‘s Memmingen was at centre stage during the Thirty Years’ War, and the Imperial generalissimo Wallenstein was quartered in the town when he was dramatically dismissed from service. From 1632 Memmingen was briefly garrisoned by the Swedish army, and became a base of operations for Swedish troops in Swabia.
Meßkirch Lordship
Mindelheim and Schwabegg Lordship
Neresheim Abbacy
Nördlingen Imperial City the place of two battles during the Thirty Years’ War
Ochsenhausen Abbacy
Offenburg Imperial City
Öttingen County
Öttingen-Baldern County
Öttingen-Öttingen County
Öttingen-Wallerstein County
Petershausen Abbacy
Pfullendorf Imperial City
Ravensburg Imperial City important trading centre. Swedish troops destroyed the old castle
Reutlingen Imperial City Reutlingen lies right next to the Swabian Jura, hence why it is often called The gate to the Swabian Jura
Roggenburg Abbacy
Rot Abbacy
Rothenfels County
Rottenmünster Abbacy
Rottweil Imperial City located between the Black Forest and the Swabian Alb
Salmansweiler Abbacy
Schussenried Abbacy
Schwäbisch Gmünd Imperial City
Schwäbisch Hall Imperial City Literally translated, the name means Swabian fountain of salt, referring to a place where salty water was distilled to produce salt. Hall suffered severely during the Thirty Years’ War, though it was never besieged or scene of a battle. However, it was forced to pay enormous sums to the armies of the various parties, especially to the imperial, Swedish and French troops, who also committed numerous atrocities and plundered the town and the surrounding area. Between 1634 and 1638 every fifth inhabitant died of hunger and diseases, especially from the bubonic plague. The war left the town an impoverished and economically ruined place.
Sickingen County
Söfflingen Abbacy
St Georg in Isny Abbacy
Stauffen Lordship
Stühlingen Landgraviate
Teck Duchy
Tettnang and Argen Lordship produces significant quantities of hops, an ingredient of beer, and ships them to breweries throughout the world
Thannhausen Lordship
Thengen County
Überlingen Imperial City
Ulm Imperial City a city of traders and craftsmen situated on the river Danube.
Ursberg Abbacy
Waldburg-Scheer-Scheer Archstewardship
Waldburg-Wolfegg-Waldsee Archstewardship
Waldburg-Wolfegg-Wolfegg Archstewardship
Waldburg-Zeil-Trachburg Archstewardship
Waldburg-Zeil-Wurzach Archstewardship
Waldburg-Zeil-Zeil Archstewardship
Wangen im Allgäu Imperial City central location at the crossroads between Ravensburg, Lindau, Leutkirch, and Isny and the growing trade through the Alps
Weil der Stadt Imperial City “Gate to the Black Forest“. completely destroyed during the Thirty Years’ War
Weingarten Abbacy
Weißenau Abbacy
Wettenhausen Provostry
Wiesensteig Lordship
Wimpfen Imperial City the river Neckar. the setting of the Battle of Wimpfen on 6 May 1622 during the Thirty Years’ War.
Württemberg Duchy Politically significant
Zell am Harmersbach Imperial City
Zwiefalten Abbacy

Upper Rhenish Circle

Type of entity Comments
Bar Duchy United with Lorraine to France in 1634
Basel Bishopric
Bretzenheim Lordship
Colmar Imperial City Capital of Alsatian wine on the Lauch River. During the Thirty Years’ War, the city was taken by the armies of Sweden in 1632, who held it for two years.
Dagstuhl Lordship
Falkenstein County
Frankfurt am Main Imperial City Situated on the River Main , Frankfurt is the financial and transportation centre of Germany. Frankfurt managed to remain neutral during the Thirty Years’ War, but suffered from the bubonic plague that was brought to the city by refugees
Friedberg Imperial City
Fulda Bishopric
Hagenau Imperial City
Hanau-Lichtenberg Lordship
Hanau-Münzenberg County
Heitersheim Principality Held by the Order of St John
Hersfeld Principality
Hesse Landgraviate
Hesse-Darmstadt Landgraviate
Hesse-Kassel Landgraviate
Hesse-Marburg Landgraviate
Hesse-Rheinfels Landgraviate
Isenburg-Birstein Principality
Isenburg-Büdingen-Büdingen County
Isenburg-Büdingen-Meerholz County
Isenburg-Büdingen-Wächtersbach County
Kaisersberg Imperial City
Königstein County
Kriechingen County
Landau Imperial City
Leiningen-Hartenburg County
Lorraine Duchy
Metz Bishopric
Münster Imperial City
Münzfelden Castle and town
Nassau-Saarbrücken-Saarbrcken Principality
Nassau-Usingen Principality
Nassau-Weilburg Principality
Nomeny Margraviate
Oberehnheim Imperial City
Oberisenburg County
Odenheim Provostry
Ollbrück Lordship
Palatinate-Lautern Principality
Palatinate-Simmern Principality
Palatinate-Veldenz Principality
Palatinate-Zweibrücken Principality
Prüm Abbacy
Reipoltskirchen Lordship
Rosheim Imperial City
Salm County
Salm-Dhaun Wild- and Rhinegraviate
Salm-Grehweiler Wild- and Rhinegraviate
Salm-Grumbach Wild- and Rhinegraviate
Salm-Kyrburg Principality
Salm-Stein Rhinegraviate
Savoy Duchy
Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg County
Sayn-Wittgenstein-Wittgenstein County
Schlettstadt Imperial City
Solms-Braunfels Principality
Solms-Laubach Principality
Solms-Lich-Hohensolms Principality
Solms-Rödelheim Principality
Speyer Bishopric
Speyer Imperial City
Sponheim County
Straßburg Bishopric
Straßburg Imperial City
Toul Bishopric
Toul Imperial City
Türkheim Imperial City
Verdun Bishopric
Verdun Imperial City
Waldeck County
Wartenberg County
Weißenburg Imperial City
Weißenburg Provostry
Wetzlar Imperial City
Wild- and Rhinegraviate
Worms Bishopric
Worms Imperial City

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