I needed a table so I could understand the Israeli system of ranks.
|Rank||Usual Abbreviation||Rough Meaning or Equivalent Rank||Comment||Modern Insignia|
|Turai-Rishon||TARASH.||Lance Corporal / Private 1st Class||In use until 1999|
|Rav-Turai||RABAT .||Corporal||Insignia not worn in combat.|
|Rav-Turai Rishon||RaTAR||Corporal 1st Class||In use 1972-82|
|Segen mihuts la’minyan||Samal||Sergeant|
|Samal-Bakhír||Samab||Senior Sergeant||In use until 1952|
|Rav-Samal||RaS||Company Sergeant Major (CSM)||Zahal translates this rank as Sergeant 1st Class|
|Rav-Samal-Rishon||RaSAR||Regimental Sergeant Major (RSM) / Master Sergeant||Zahal translates this rank as 1st Sergeant|
|Rav-Nagad||Ranag||Chief Warrant Officer|
|Segen-Mishne||SEGUM.||Subaltern / 2nd Lieutenant||In use from 1952. Platoon commander|
|Segen||Lieutenant||Until 1951 was a Platoon Commander; Post-1951 is the Company Executive Officer|
|Segen-Rishon||Lieutenant 1st Class||In use until 1951. Company Executive Officer.|
|Rav-Seren||Major||Battalion Executive Officer|
|Aluf-Mishne||Alam||Colonel||Brigade or Regiment Commander|
|Tat-Aluf||Taal||Brigadier-General||introduced after the Six-Day war, 1967.|
|Aluf||Major-General||Command a Branch of Service|
|Rosh Mattay Ha’Klali||RAMATKAL.||Chief of the General Staff||The highest ranking officer in the IDF. A role held by the Rav-Aluf|
- Rav means “Above”
- Rishon means “First”
- Bakhír means “Senior”
- Mishne means “Vice” as in Vice-president so for practical purposes it means “Second” or “Below”.
There are also three roles that personnel of different ranks can take.
|Mimalei Makom||Warrant Officer||This rank is usually a temporary rank given to a RaS or RaSAR who is acting as an officer due to the duties that he is performing.|
|Mifaked Machlekah||Platoon Commander||IDF Terminology Mem-Mem|
|Mifaked Plugah||Company Commander||IDF Terminology Mem-Pe’ay|
Thanks to Orpaz for help with ranks and insignia.
Finally, the IDF Artillery units are the only IDF units to have and use a Regimental Structure.
Insignia from IDF Ranks